Date: 27 March 2019

CNR Nano- MaX SEMINAR March 27, 2019

Date: Wednesday March 27, 2019 – 15.00

Venue: S3 Seminar Room, Third Floor, Physics Building, FIM Department

Speaker: Andrea Ferretti (CNR Nano)

Title: From Koopmans-compliant functionals to a functional theory of the spectral density

Abstract: Energy functionals which depend explicitly on each individual orbital density, rather than the total charge density, appear naturally when applying self-interaction corrections to density-functional theory.
Rather than a limitation, we argue that this is a powerful feature, and show how it is possible to interpret the orbital-dependency of densities and potentials as an effective frequency dependency.
Such a frame is naturally amenable to describe electronic spectroscopies [1], and is free from e.g. the constraint of having derivative discontinuities in the exact formulation. Excellent agreement is achieved for ionization potentials and affinities, fundamental gaps, and deeper orbital levels (photoemission) for both molecules and solids [2-4]. We believe that a functional theory for the spectral density is therefore emerging, able to address at the same time total energies and spectral properties.
In this talk I'll give an overview of the basic formulation of the spectral density functional theory (SDFT) framework, and show how the Koopmans compliance construction can be seen as an approximation (or practical realization) of it.

[1] A. Ferretti, I. Dabo, M. Cococcioni, N. Marzari, Phys. Rev. B 89, 195134 (2014).
[2] N.-L. Nguyen, G. Borghi, A. Ferretti, I. Dabo, N. Marzari, Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 166405 (2015).
[3] N. Colonna, A. Ferretti, N.-L. Nguyen, N. Marzari, J. Chem. Theory Comput. 14, 2549 (2018).
[4] N.-L. Nguyen, N. Colonna, A. Ferretti, N. Marzari, Phys. Rev. X 8, 021051 (2018).


Host: Massimo Rontani